Who We Are:
Vocational Rehabilitation is the largest and oldest program funded under the Rehabilitation Act. It
is the state-federal eligibility vocational rehabilitation system which provides comprehensive
vocational services to individuals with disabilities.
Rehabilitation counselors provide vocational guidance counseling and other services as identified in an Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE) for each participant. The scope of rehabilitation services that may be provided is extensive and includes services that lead to employment which will also result in increasing an individual’s independence and self-worth. Although each state adheres to the federal laws and regulations, each state has flexibility in determining its policy, procedures and business practices.
The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1920 was the start of the public rehabilitation program in the
United States. The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1920 provided funds for people with physical
disabilities for vocational guidance, training, occupational adjustment, prosthesis, and placement
services. A series of amendments through the years expanded services to persons with other types
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 emphasized priority services for persons with severe disabilities and incorporated civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. At the present time, the authority of the rehabilitation program is still under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
President Barack Obama signed the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) into law on July 22, 2014. WIOA is designed to help job seekers access employment, education, training, and support services to succeed in the labor market and to match employers with the skilled workers they need to compete in the global economy. WIOA supersedes the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 and amends the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, the Wagner-Peyser Act, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.